An al Qaeda affiliate in Yemen said it had carried out the attack, its most serious yet, to target the defence minister and army commanders. It said it would strike again if a U.S.-backed military campaign against militants in the south did not stop.
Yemeni President Abd-Rabbu Mansour Hadi, whose predecessor was toppled in an uprising, said security forces would become ‘tougher and more determined in pursuing terrorist elements’.
The defence ministry said at least 90 soldiers were killed and 222 wounded. Yemen’s defence minister and chief of staff were both at the rehearsal for Tuesday’s National Day parade — meant to celebrate Yemeni unity – but neither was hurt.
The explosion in Sanaa’s Sabaeen Square left scenes of carnage, with bloodied victims and body parts strewn across the 10-lane road where the rehearsal was held on Monday morning, not far from the presidential palace.
“We had just finished the parade. We were saluting our commander when a huge explosion went off,” said soldier Amr Habib. “It was a gruesome attack. Many soldiers were killed and others had their arms and legs blown off.”
Weakened by the revolt that eventually toppled former president Ali Abdullah Saleh, the Yemeni authorities have allowed militants to overrun several towns in the southern province of Abyan.
The attack, along with an ambush on Sunday on a U.S. military training team, indicated their campaign could be entering a dangerous new stage.
The United States sees Yemen, which borders oil giant Saudi Arabia, as a vital front in its global war on Islamic militants and is increasing its military support for Hadi’s government.
The U.S. military has itself targeted militants in Yemen using drones, which have frequently killed civilians and are deeply resented by Yemenis, even the many who abhor al Qaeda.
A U.S. military instructor was seriously wounded in Sunday’s ambush, claimed by militant group Ansar al-Sharia (Partisans of Islamic Law), which is affiliated to al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP).
The same group also claimed responsibility for the military parade suicide attack, saying it was in response to the “crimes” of the security forces, who are fighting to dislodge militants from their strongholds in Abyan.
“We will take revenge, God willing, and the flames of war will reach you everywhere,” it said.
DRESSED IN UNIFORM
One investigator said preliminary findings suggested the suicide bomber was a rogue soldier rather than a man in a disguise.
“The suicide bomber was dressed in a military uniform. He had a belt of explosives underneath,” said a man who identified himself as Colonel Amin al-Alghabati, his hands and uniform flecked with blood.
The usual security procedure for such an event would involve checks being made on the soldiers at their bases before they are transported to the site of the parade in army vehicles.
The wounded were ferried to hospital in taxis.
“Most of the injuries are to the head, we have dozens paralysed. We expect the death toll to rise. Most of the injured here are boys in their teens. Sanaa’s hospitals are overwhelmed,” said doctor Mohsen al-Dhahari.
In response to the violence, Hadi sacked two senior commanders and allies of his predecessor Saleh, whom he replaced in February. One of them, a nephew of Saleh’s, was the head of national security, an intelligence gathering unit that works closely with the CIA.
The army splintered into pro- and anti-Saleh camps during the revolt against him last year, hampering the campaign against militants.
“Hadi is serious about the confrontation, but he does not have a grip on the whole security apparatus, security services and the army in order to succeed,” said Saeed Obaid, a Yemeni researcher of Islamist groups.
The impoverished state has seen a spate of deadly attacks since Hadi took office saying he would extinguish an Islamist insurgency, which until now has been concentrated in the south.
Saudi intelligence services said earlier this month they had foiled a plot by al Qaeda’s Yemen-based wing to arm a suicide bomber with an improved version of an “underwear bomb” of the type that failed to explode on a 2009 U.S.-bound flight.
Jeremy Binnie, Middle East/Africa editor of Jane’s Defence Weekly, said Monday’s blast, which caused an unusual number of casualties for a single suicide bomber, was unlikely to have involved such explosives, which U.S. sources say may be the work of fugitive Saudi militant Ibrahim Hassan al-Asiri.
At least seven militants and seven soldiers were killed in clashes when Islamist fighters attacked an army position near the southern town of Zinjibar on Monday, residents and a local official said.
Yemeni troops closed in on the southern militant-held town of Jaar on Sunday in heavy fighting, part of a new U.S.-backed offensive launched earlier this month to regain control of territory and towns seized by Ansar al-Sharia.
The parade was scheduled for Tuesday to mark the unification of north and south Yemen, previously separate states, which were merged in 1990. Reuters