By Jacob Kudzai Mutisi
The USA has for the first time declared a cyber war on Iran, this is the
first official Cyberwarfare, a true reflection that future wars will be
fought on the cyberspace. Cyberwarfare is a term that describes the use
of technological force within cyberspace. This must send shivers down
our nation’s spine considering that Zimbabwe is no longer an arms
manufacturer but now imports all its war materials and artillery from
foreign countries. Today’s attack has proved that future wars are no
longer fought killing human beings but are now fought using technology.
The introduction of the Internet has provided a new delivery
mechanism that can increase the speed, diffusion, and power of an
attack, changing Zimbabwe’s national security threat. Its ubiquitous and
unpredictable characteristics mean that the battles fought on cyberspace
can be just be as important as events taking place on the ground. The
dynamic and constantly evolving nature of information and computer
technology ensures that cyber defences will never be easy to monitor,
evaluate and maintain.
Growing dependency on information and communication technology (ICT) and
the interdependence of related critical infrastructures have made a
secure cyberspace vital to the functioning of our state. Advances in the
ICT sector have also presented other nations with new opportunities and
attack vectors that they are increasingly exploiting. Zimbabwe now needs
to cover all bases. Staying one step ahead of hackers and attackers
requires vigilance and taking a holistic approach to national security.
Zimbabwe now needs the national military command center to deter
computer hackers and must be able to mount its own cyber attacks at
ease. While Zimbabwe does not have its own cyber weapons, Cyberwarfare
is an emerging domain and the threat is growing. Zimbabwe needs to be
prepared, to be able to execute operations in cyberspace.
The biggest worry is, Zimbabwe is a cashless society imagine a foreign
entity hacking into our mobile money service, RTGS and all the online
banking services. Our economy will be paralysed. Our national ultimate
aim must be to completely be aware of our cyberspace, to understand
minute-by-minute the state of our networks so that our national military
can rely on them.
During a cyberwarfare computer network attacks are never physical or
violent. This kind of attack against the enemy’s production,
distribution and banking systems, makes the impact more difficult to
judge. Zimbabwe urgently needs a central cyber command center that
consist of army, police, and the office of the president and cabinet
monitoring all activities and must be potentially able to use cyber
weapons that can knock out enemy missiles or air defences missiles, or
destroy enemy computer networks, such a cyber attack is by far less
harmful to human life than a traditional offensive with live weaponry.
Zimbabwe needs to be prepared for modern day war fares.
Engineer Jacob Kudzayi Mutisi writes in his own capacity
Chairman of the ICT Divison of Zimbabwe Institution Engineers (ZIE), A
Professional Engineer registered with Engineering Council of Zimbabwe
(ECZ), Member of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and
a Member of Institute of Directors (IOD)