“Mpiranya was instrumental during the DRC war after he worked side by side with southern African Allied forces, which included Zimbabwe, Angola and Namibia,” the world renowned Wikipedia stated on its profile of Mpiranya, who is accused of ordering the killing of 800,000 minority Tutsi ethnic group.
“He is believed to have supplied strategic information about the Rwandan military and also mobilised and trained Rwandans in refugee camps in eastern DRC to fight against the Rwandan army,” notes Wikipedia.
“Mpiranya allegedly stayed in Norton, about 40 km west of the capital Harare, since his arrival in Zimbabwe in 2001. Security sources said that the Harare authorities were not keen on giving up the fugitive to whom they feel indebted over his reconnaissance role during the 1998-2001 Democratic Republic of Congo civil war.”
The global information hub website said Mpiranya had always been suspected to be in Zimbabwe over the past years after the southern African country “accused Rwandan secret agents of illegally entering the country in pursuit of Mpiranya. Kigali denied the allegations, saying it would follow proper procedures to seek the extradition of Mpiranya.”
Wikipedia also noted that this was the second time that Zimbabwe had refused to extradite African officials accused of genocide in their own countries. It had refused to hand over former Ethiopian dictator, Mengistu Haile Mariam, who is wanted in his country for mass murder.
An ethnic Hutu, Mpiranya was born in Gitarama prefecture. In 1993, he held the rank of major in the Rwanda Armed Froces and was second-in-command of military operations and intelligence (S2 and S3) in the Presidential Guard Battalion. Later the same year, he was appointed Commander of the Presidential Guard Battalion.
The ICTR indictment alleges that between 1990 and 1994, Mpiranya and other officers conspired to exterminate the Tutsi civilians and political opponents, and helped to train interahamwe and militia groups who committed the genocide.
On September 25, 2002, Mpiranya was indicted by the U.N.’s International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR). He was charged with genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide, complicity in genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes. Mpiranya remained at large and was one of the most wanted men by the Tribunal.
In February 2010, Mpiranya was reported by Belgian authorities to be sheltered by the Zimbabwe government, operating businesses in Harare, on top of acting as mercenary for the ruling party Zanu (PF) to silence the opposition.
In August 2010, Rwanda appealed for United Nations intervention in its diplomatic row after the Zimbabwean government refused to extradite Proitas Mpiranya to the ICTR.
Rwanda’s Prosecutor General Martin Ngoga said the International Criminal Tribunal of Rwanda (ICTR) should move and bring Proitas Mpiranya to book. The two nations backed opposite sides in the DRC war.
The ICTR has placed a $5 million bounty for Mpiranya hoping he can be tracked and brought to justice.