PRESSURE is mounting within Zanu PF and the country for President Robert Mugabe (91) — now ailing and frail — to quit before the end of his current tenure in 2018 due to explosive succession and economic problems, amid agitation within inner circles that he should leave anytime starting January next year.
Talk of Mugabe stepping down, mainly within Vice-President Emmerson Mnangagwa’s Zanu PF faction, has been going on for several months, but there has been an upsurge of pressure and stirrings of tensions in recent months with most officials indicating Mugabe is likely to have a reduced role or quit after completing his term as African Union (AU) chairperson in January.
Expectations of Mugabe’s departure come at a time when Mnangagwa is increasingly overseeing the day-to-day running of government, while efforts are being stepped up to erase former vice-president Joice Mujuru’s footprints within the system. Mujuru’s moves to form a new party to challenge Mugabe if he stays until 2018, have also rattled and put pressure on him as shown by his anxious remarks this week.
Mnangagwa, who is also Justice minister and Zanu PF chairman on a rotational basis, last week consolidated his grip on power after Mugabe’s cabinet reshuffle which brought on board over 10 of his loyalists into government as ministers and deputy ministers.
Thursday Mnangagwa further consolidated his hold by getting his close ally, journalist-turned politician, Makhosini Hlongwane, appointed Minister Without Portfolio last week, to become the new Sports minister.
A senior official close to Mnangagwa told the Zimbabwe Independent this week: “We have been told that he (Mugabe) is leaving after his Sadc and AU mandates. Since he completed his Sadc tenure last month and is finishing the AU one in January, our understanding is that he will leave anytime after that.”
However, Presidential spokesman George Charamba Thursday hinted Mugabe is there to stay. “What is the link between the AU and the Zimbabwean presidency? They will meet him in 2018,” he said.
But another official said in the aftermath of Mugabe’s monumental political blunder of reading a wrong speech in parliament on Tuesday, which further showed his dotage; it would not be surprising if he were to go before 2018.
“This has always been said throughout this year. Remember it started ahead of his birthday in February that he might go after that and it was also said around Independence Day, and now in connection with Sadc and the AU,” an official — widely seen as Mnangagwa’s chief-of-staff within his faction, said.
“So now we hear he is going in January next year or any time before 2018, but nobody knows whether this is true or not. However, it’s being said a lot among us and so we have to wait and see. Anything can happen.”
Zanu PF insiders say Mugabe, who usually acts as if he does not care, is actually troubled by succession problems in his party, because how things will eventually pan out has a bearing on his family’s future and his legacy, which is why he often angrily speaks on the issue. It is also said he is worried about the economy’s nosedive and the potentially volatile consequences as shown by his endless travels to ask for rescue packages and sign investment deals in an attempt to arrest the decline.
Although some Zanu PF officials are cautious, believing that the talk of Mugabe retiring could be part of his usual Machiavellian strategy to manage the party’s internal succession dynamics by giving wrong signals and flying a kite to see the reaction among the warring factions, Mnangagwa’s backers seem convinced he will step down before 2018.
“Indications are that the president may be leaving in January, will take a back seat or go before 2018 to allow Mnangagwa to take control of the government and party. This is also being done with an eye on 2018 where the vice-president is likely to be the Zanu PF presidential poll candidate,” another official said.
Insiders say Nigerian billionaire Aliko Dangote also recently came into Zimbabwe to invest on the strength of assurances that Mugabe will be going before 2018, over and above guarantees that his investments would be safe.
Senior Zanu PF officials are also reportedly angling to secure financial support from Dangote for the next elections, as one informed insider opined while indicating Mnangagwa has struck a good relationship with the Nigeria mogul worth at least US$17,5 billion. It has been reported Dangote played a prominent role in the funding of former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo’s election bid in 2003 and Zanu PF leaders expect the same.
According to Part 4 section 14 (4) (a) of Schedule Six of the constitution that deals with transitional provisions, if the president dies, resigns or is removed from office, the vice-president who was last nominated to act shall act as president until a new one assumes office.
Section 14 (4) (b) states: “The vacancy in the office of president must be filled by a nominee of the political party which the president represented when he or she stood for election.”
“A political party which is entitled to nominate a person in terms of subparagraph (4)(b) must notify the Speaker of (Parliament) the nominee’s name within 90 days after the vacancy occurred in the office of president, and thereupon the nominee assumes office as president after taking the oath of president in terms of section 94, which oath the nominee must take within 48 hours after the Speaker was notified of his or her name,” reads section 14 (5).
While Mnangagwa’s faction hopes Mugabe will quit soon, he said during the Zanu PF December 2014 congress he would not go as long as “I am still sane”, suggesting he wants to be president for life. “I am here for as long as I am still sane, with good memory and will power. I thank God for giving me extra strength. I still have a bright mind; I still have will. I know our history more than you do. I know the wishes of those heroes and those who lie elsewhere more than you do. I know the wishes of the chiefs, dead and alive,” Mugabe said.