The moderate Socialist beat conservative Nicolas Sarkozy with 51.7 percent of Sunday’s runoff vote after a bruising campaign dominated by the same anger over economic crisis that has felled 10 other European leaders since late 2009.
While jubilant left-wing voters partied into the early hours of Monday in central Paris, Hollande admitted that for him, the festivities would have to be short-lived.
“There is a lot of joy and pride but also apprehension at taking on this responsibility at a difficult time for the country and for Europe,” he said.
After delivering a victory speech in his rural base of Tulle in central France, he flew to Paris and addressed tens of thousands of supporters in historic Bastille square.
The French woke up to Hollande, arms outstretched, beaming on the front pages of morning newspapers. Left-leaning daily Liberation ran the headline “Normal!” a reference to the new president’s image as a man of the people.
The new president is expected to be sworn in on May 15. Hollande will travel to Berlin shortly thereafter to challenge Germany’s focus on austerity policies and press new ideas for stimulating growth as fears about the euro zone’s debt crisis resurface following an inconclusive election in Greece.
“In every capital, beyond the heads of state and government, there are people who have found hope thanks to us, who are looking to us and want to put an end to austerity,” he declared.
With anti-austerity parties winning almost half the votes in Greece, the euro tumbled to a three-month low while oil and Asian shares slumped in early trading in Asia as the two elections fuelled fears about a new chapter in Europe’s crisis.
The left reclaimed Bastille square where revellers danced the night away in 1981 when Francois Mitterrand became the Socialist Party’s first directly elected president. Three decades later, a new generation of left-wing voters waved red flags and some carried roses, the party emblem.
Hollande is expected to include some trusted old hands in his government like Mitterrand’s former prime minister Laurent Fabius but add many young politicians and women.
His economic team, led by centre-left former finance minister Michel Sapin, includes politicians, industry leaders and public officials seen as market-friendly.
“The words grace period do not apply to the situation. That’s the reality,” Sapin said on Canal+, adding that the priority would be to launch discussions with France’s European partners.
Hollande must also quickly outline his domestic plans, likely to centre around a major tax reform, and revise over-optimistic growth targets which threaten France’s deficit-cutting goals.
His plans to tweak a reform that raised the retirement age to 62 and increase the minimum wage are also rattling investors who fear France could drift away from the club of sound northern European borrowers and towards the debt-laden periphery.
“Hollande’s victory has already been priced in by markets, however his promises made during the campaign have not been priced in, so there is risk on the downside if he stands his ground when he announces a first set of measures,” said fund manager Christian Jimenez at Diamant Bleu Gestion in Paris.
“There’s a clear need to boost economic growth across Europe, but the debate is on how to achieve that without spooking investors.”
LEFT WELL PLACED FOR PARLIAMENT
Sarkozy, punished for his failure to rein in 10-percent unemployment and for his brash personal style, conceded defeat within 20 minutes of polls closing on Sunday, telling supporters he had wished Hollande good luck in such trying times.
“I bear the full responsibility for this defeat,” Sarkozy said, indicating he would withdraw from frontline politics.
In Greece, mainstream parties were hammered in a parliamentary election that seemed set to leave supporters of an IMF/EU bailout without a majority, raising doubts about Athens’ future in the euro zone.
Hollande’s clear win should give the self-styled “Mr Normal” the momentum to press German Chancellor Angela Merkel to accept a policy shift towards fostering growth in Europe to balance the austerity that has fuelled anger across southern Europe.
Merkel, who had openly favoured fellow conservative Sarkozy, telephoned to congratulate Hollande and invited him to Berlin after his inauguration. The vote ended the “Merkozy” duo that led Europe through crisis and ushers in an untested partnership.
German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle said: “We will now work together on a growth pact for Europe, that delivers more growth through more competitiveness.”
Opinion polls taken on Sunday showed the left strongly placed to win a majority in parliamentary elections next month, especially since the anti-immigration National Front is set to split the right-wing vote and hurt Sarkozy’s UMP party.
If they win that two-round election on June 10 and 17, the Socialists would hold more levers of power than ever before, with the presidency, both houses of parliament, nearly all regions, and two-thirds of French towns in their hands.
Hollande led the presidential race from start to finish, outlining a comprehensive programme in January based on raising taxes, especially on high earners, to finance spending priorities and rein in the public deficit to zero by 2017.
He benefited from public distaste for the incumbent’s abrasive style as well as anger about economic gloom that has swept aside leaders from Dublin to Lisbon.
Sarkozy launched his campaign late and swerved hard to the right between the two rounds of voting as he tried to win back low-income voters who ditched him for the radical left and the far right on the first ballot.
He barely dented Hollande’s lead, however, and also failed to land a knockout punch in their only television debate.
In two further blows in the last days of the race, far-right leader Marine Le Pen, who won 17.9 percent in the first round, and centrist Francois Bayrou, who polled 9.1 percent, refused to endorse the conservative president.
Sarkozy allies consoled themselves that the margin of defeat could have been worse, preserving their parliamentary election hopes. “People were talking about an anti-Sarkozy tsunami,” Foreign Minister Alain Juppe said. “That’s not what happened.” Reuters